A motorway hard shoulder is a dangerous place to spend time. Recent figures released by the Highways Agency revealed that between 2011 and 2016 there were 403 collisions on Britain’s motorway hard shoulders. Over that five-year period there were hundreds of injuries and, sadly, 38 deaths.
All our technicians receive comprehensive training on what to do and how to behave on the hard shoulder. While it’s their job to spend time at the side of motorways, it’s also something every driver could have to face at some point in their car-owning career. For that reason, I’ve compiled five dos and fives don’ts for the motorway hard shoulder.
DO take care entering the hard shoulder
The figures suggest that nearly one in five (16 per cent) of hard shoulder collisions happen as cars pull off the main carriageway onto the hard shoulder. Indicate left and start moving to the left as soon as you feel your car is losing power. Once you’ve come to a halt put your hazard warning lights on.
DO watch where you stop
Motorways have emergency phones at approximately one-mile intervals. About every 100 yards between the phones there’s a marker post. If you can, stop near either a phone or post. The post will tell you which direction the nearest phone is. As soon as you use a phone the emergency services will have pinpointed your location. The marker posts also have a number. This means if you have a mobile phone you can tell the emergency services the number and again, they’ll know exactly where you are.
DO be careful how you stop
You’re on the hard shoulder now, pull your car as far to the left as possible. And when it finally comes to a halt, turn your steering wheel to the left. If your car is hit from behind, this ensures it hits the crash barrier or verge and doesn’t spear back onto the carriageway.
DO wear a reflective jacket
If you have them, wear hi-vis jackets. Buy enough for all the family over the internet and you’ll be very pleasantly surprised how cheap they are.
DO rejoin the carriageway carefully
According to the Highways Agency, 14 per cent of hard shoulder collisions took place as the vehicle rejoined the main carriageway. To do this safely, don’t just start the engine, indicate and pull right. First get up some speed. The noise this makes will be a bit unnerving with grit and stones pinging off the bottom of the car. Hard shoulders are covered in debris. Be aware that you might come across bits of exhaust pipe and other hard debris too. Then when you get to around 50mph, if it’s safe to do so, indicate right and pull onto the carriageway.
DON’T use the hard shoulder unless you must
As we’ve established being at the side of a motorway is a very dangerous place to be. That’s why stopping on the hard shoulder is only permitted in an emergency, if you break down or if a police officer tells you to. When I say emergency, little Johnny having a pee isn’t classed as a valid reason for using the hard shoulder. I know kids can be caught short, but parents must take some responsibility here. It’s up to them ‑ the adults ‑ to ensure that children use the loo at services or rest stops and don’t need to go between junctions on motorways. It’s why if you stop on the hard shoulder and it isn’t an emergency you could be fined up to £100.
DON’T stay in your car
According to the Highways Agency stats, 70 per cent of hard shoulder collisions occurred when a vehicle was stationary. Exit your vehicle quickly through the left-side door and stand on the other side of the crash barrier to the rear of your car. This is so that if your car is run into, you’re less likely to be hit by flying debris.
DON’T get out on a smart motorway
The above advice about getting out of your car should apply, but only when it’s safe. If, for example you’re on a smart motorway and you break down away from one of the refuge areas, you’ll put yourself in danger of being hit by moving traffic if you get out of your car. So stay put, with your seatbelt on and alert the emergency services as quickly as possible.
DON’T let pets out
I’m sorry, but Fido’s got to stay in the car. Pets and fast-moving traffic don’t mix. The last thing you want is to cause an accident with an over-excited dog rampaging around.
DON’T try to mend your car
Unless it’s an incredibly obvious, straightforward, and above all quick fix, our technicians never work on cars on the hard shoulder. Instead they will tow it off the motorway or to a service area where they can get it going again in comparative safety. You should follow this example and not even bother lifting the bonnet if you’re beside a motorway. After all, we’re the experts and we don’t do it.
Nick Reid is head of automotive technology at Direct Line Group and a fellow of the Institute of the Automotive Industry