Rain and flooding might be in the news at the moment. But anyone buying a used motor over the next few months has got the prospect of purchasing flood damaged cars to look out for.
Having a good soaking in a flood can cause a car to have numerous problems, not all of them immediately evident. Follow our tips to tell if the car you’re thinking of buying is flood damaged.
Look at the windows
If a car’s windows are open when you first see it, the seller may be trying to dry it out or stop a musty smell building up. If the windows are shut and there’s condensation on the inside, it might be because the carpets or seats are damp. This makes the air inside moist which turns into condensation on the cold glass.
Where is the car being sold?
It’s worth checking where in the country the car is and finding out whether that area flooded. If the answer’s yes, what sort of flooding was it? Although no flood is a good flood, salty sea water is much more corrosive than the fresh water from a river. That said, ‘fresh’ water is more likely to be carrying debris from overwhelmed sewage systems.
Use your nose
When you open the car’s door for the first time, check for strange smells. Flood damaged cars probably have a musty damp smell. The seller might be trying to disguise this with air fresheners. If so, give the seats a good sniff. In extreme cases, the car might have had sewage in it. Your nose will tell you if it has.
Take a torch
People can do a good job of drying a car out but there are some parts they won’t be able to reach unless they strip it out completely. With a torch you’ll be able to have a really good poke about. Under the seats is a good place to start. Depending on their colour, you might be able to see a tide mark on the carpet. Or the metal framework of the seat might have started to rust. There may even still be silt in the seat’s runners.
Look under the carpets too. Beneath these in most cars there’s sound deadening material. This is difficult to dry out because it’s so thick and dense so use your torch and touch to find out if it’s wet.
Look under the bonnet
There are a surprising number of ledges and other flat surfaces beneath a car’s bonnet. With your torch, have a look at these, particularly the ones in lower, hard-to-reach places and see if they’ve got silty deposits on them.
Then take off the oil filler cap. If the engine has swallowed water, there could be a white substance a bit like mayonnaise around the inside of the filler cap. This happens when water and oil mix in a hot engine.
Check the lights
Have a look at each of the light units. These are usually sealed but not enough to prevent moisture finding a way in. If the car was flooded, at least some of the light units will have condensation inside. Water may still be trapped in them.
Try the electrics
Before you take the car on a test drive, try all the electrical features. Whether it’s the lights, electric windows or air conditioning, damp could seriously effect it. And if you turn the air con on and the car steams up, that’s a sign of moisture in the system.
Why is it being sold?
A flood-damaged car could be for sale for several reasons. The owner might know it’s been flooded but not want to risk their no claims discount by telling the insurer. They may only have third party insurance, which doesn’t cover flooding. Or they might have bought the car for a bargain knowing it was flood damaged and omitting that vital piece of information while they sell it on for a quick buck.
Is it an insurance write-off?
Last but not least, have a history check done on the car to see if an insurer has written it off. Car history firm HPI’s Fernando Garcia explained: “It’s not illegal to professionally repair and sell Category S and N (previously C and D) insurance write-off cars. But those that have been declared a Category A and B write-off are only good for the scrap heap or spares; they should never be returned to the roads. Unfortunately, fraudsters are willing to patch up and disguise written-off vehicles and sell them on to unsuspecting buyers.”
If a Category S or N car is repaired and put back on the road, it must have its status as an insurance write-off declared. And the seller should reduce the price accordingly. Buying a car that someone’s written off because it’s been in a flood might be a real bargain. Or someone might have shoddily repaired it so it proves to be a complete liability. That’s why it’s well worth checking if it’s had a good soaking or not.