If you get your kicks from microchips, lasers and the Internet of Things rather than pistons, spark plugs and exhausts, the Consumer Electronics Show (CES) has got your name on it. Since 1967, CES has been held in Las Vegas at the start of each year and has frequently offered gadget lovers and gizmo geeks the first glimpse of emerging technologies. But over the past five years, the car makers have muscled in.
Whether you want the merits of a car with four-wheel drive to cope with wet winter weather, or simply need a car that can venture off the beaten track or tow from time to time, we have some good news: it doesn’t necessarily mean buying a bulky SUV. Having power going to all four wheels is an increasingly common feature on regular road cars. Here we pick three very different four-wheel drive cars that you can get your hands on for £7000.
Cars including the VW Golf 1.6TDI have been affected (Picture © Volkswagen)
The VW diesel engine crisis rumbles on. So we’ve got the answers to the most frequently asked questions for the 1.2 million UK owners of affected cars. In September 2015, news broke that German car maker Volkswagen had fitted a ‘defeat device’ to the engine software of some of its diesel cars. This was designed to cheat emissions tests, primarily in the US, by knowing when the car was being tested and cutting dangerous nitrogen oxide outputs down to a legal level. These were then put back up to be illegal to improve economy when the car was on the road.
VW diesel engine crisis: Which engines are affected?
The engine at the centre of this is the EA 189 engine. This is an engine architecture so it’s not as simple as saying it’s just an engine with a certain capacity. It affects the 1.2, 1.6 and 2.0-litre diesels that comply with EU 5 emissions laws. These have been fitted to models as diverse as the SEAT Ibiza, Skoda Octavia, Volkswagen Golf and Audi A3 Cabriolet. Petrol engines are unaffected.
VW diesel engine crisis: Are other engines involved?
The US environment regulators have now found that the ‘defeat device’ has also been used on the larger 3.0-litre diesel engines. These engines are in models that were built between 2014 and 16. They include cars such as the Volkswagen Touareg, Audi A4 and A6 and Porsche Cayenne. It is currently unclear if UK cars are involved.